International Journal of Case Reports in Surgery
2020, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part A
Assessment of feasibility of performing percutaneous nephrolithotomy in chronic kidney disease patients– A prospective studyAuthor(s):
N Naidu Chitikela and Rambabu DVSAbstract:
Aim 1. To primarily evaluate the functional outcomes of PCNL for bilateral renal calculi/calculi in solitary functioning kidney with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). 2. To identify factors affecting the renal replacement therapy following PCNL. Materials and Methods: Patients with bilateral renal calculi/calculi in solitary kidney and CKD (eGFR<60/sr. creatinine>2) and Good Performance Status [Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG): 0-2] were included in the study.Results: A total of 60 patients with CKD who had bilateral renal calculi/calculi in solitary functioning kidney underwent PCNL. At 6 months, eGFR improved or stabilized in 45 (75%) patients, while in 15 (25%) patients eGFR deteriorated. A total of 5 (14.28%) and 2 (25%) patients of CKD stage 4 and 5 respectively had improvement in eGFR as well as CKD stage. Fourteen (82.35%), 21 (60%), 3 (37.5%) patients of CKD stage 3, 4, 5 had improvement in eGFR but not significant enough to cause stage migration. Again 3 (17.65%), 9(40%) and 3 (37.5%) patients of CKD stage 3, 4, 5 had reduction in eGFR but not significant enough to cause stage migration. None of the patients had worsening of CKD stage. Preoperative CKD stage and eGFR were compared with measurements made at the final follow up visit (6 months).Conclusion: Our results indicate that most patients of renal calculi with CKD show improvement or stabilization of renal function with aggressive stone removal. Improvement is more in patients who have mild to moderate CKD. Aggressive management of comorbidities, peri-operative UTI and complications may delay or avoid progression of CKD status in such patients.Pages: 01-05 | Views: 529 | Downloads: 263Download Full Article: Click Here
How to cite this article:
N Naidu Chitikela, Rambabu DVS. Assessment of feasibility of performing percutaneous nephrolithotomy in chronic kidney disease patients– A prospective study. Int J Case Rep Surg 2020;2(1):01-05.